“Men die because they cannot join the beginning to the end,” but living is trying to do it.
We give ourselves meaning by inventing critical time, like the shadow of the gable.
Christopher Burney, the author of Solitary Confinement, was a British agent in occupied France, and the book begin after his capture, though a time when he still found solitude and confinement mere notions with no real force. What follows is a study of those notions as they become real.
Burney remarks that the movement of his mind often took him ‘to Americas thickly populated by earlier Columbus’s.’ In the true poverty everything had to be reinvented- even the clock. He needed a clock not because the conventional divisions of time were of pressing importance, but for reasons closer to those of the monks who first made them. They needed clocks for the more devout observance of the offices, Burney because he needed to apprehend the increasing pressure of an approaching end.
As long as his captivity was story-like in that its moments were to be given significance by an end, he needed to sense its imminence. ‘One does not suffer the passing of empty time, but rather the slowness of the expected event which is to end it.’ If time cannot be felt as successive, this end ceases to have effect; without the sense of passing time one is virtually ceasing to live, one loses ‘contact with reality.’ So the prisoner invents a clock, the shadow cast by a gable on a wall which he can see through the fretted glass of his high window. Time cannot be faced as coarse and actual, as a repository of the contingent; one humanizes it by fiction of orderly succession and end.
‘The sense of an Ending’ by Frank Kermode
In 1958, ‘Theory of Derive (drift)’ is put forward by Guy Debord.
Debord defines the dérive as “a mode of experimental behavior linked to the conditions of urban society: a technique of rapid passage through varied ambiances.
Originally, drift was a military term for a strategy that distract the enemy in the middle of enemy’s position while losing the connection to own troops in the war.
Derives involve playful-constructive behavior and awareness of psycogeographical effects and are thus quite different from the classic notions of journey or stroll.
Deriving can be last for from 3 - 4 hours a day to a whole day or for a few days.
In a derive one or more persons during a certain period drop their relations, their work an leisure activities, and all their other usual motives for movement and action, and let themselves be drawn by the attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find there (…)
“From a derive point of view, cities have psychogeographical contours, with constant currents, fixed points and vortexes that strongly discourage entry into or exit from certain zones.”
“All the spaces are taken over by enemies. We are living in a permanent curfew. The problem is not only police but also geography”
The situationist international proposed a city-crossing protest against divided city and power.
City space is calculated for the direct distance and optimized for highway and transportation.
However, not by a transport, but drawing a map of a city space based on subjective psychology of a passenger, flow of the human’s body which is emotion and memory about a city, streets and alley remains in the psychological space.
Every person has own temporality and own pace.
Individual’s daily pace and inflection point of acceleration in coordinate is depend on each person.
The pace that capitalism requires and each individuals’ pace are united as one and that pace is disguised as one’s chosen pace.
-from informal city
Formality and informality are coexisting two opposite values.
Formality is sustained under the surveillance and informality is revealed evading the surveillance.
This two terms are in complementary relationship in the ideal perspective.
As those are effecting each other, a city system go through compensation, destruction and regeneration.
Therefore, those are the terms that must coexist, and cannot exist independently without coexisting.
Formality and informality are the terms exist before a space.
Each factor can be found in a space as its feature, however, the boundary is blur and always can be changed.
In other word, space cannot be defined with these two terms.
Only a living space has a part where it is explicable.
Living space is where the formality and informality is mixed. (by the publicity, the way of how men perceive space and etc.)
-modern city, extreme capitalism city, Seoul
Seoul is the city where the formality and informality are tangled intricately.
It seems hard to perceive the informality from a city living person’s point of view.
It is because there is hard to face informality phenomenon in daily routine. (It does not mean the absence of the informality)
Individual move along the same path every day. And this path is transferred to term call daily.
The life in capitalism is not created by a individual, but designed by enormous system and a path.
It means it has formality. The important fact is that perceiving informality by revealing on the surface or maintaining it in the formality system.
However, repetitiveness of path makes even living space, where formality and informality coexist, as a part of path with pace.
It also repeated in nondaily time, such as path of vacation, path of weekends.
-arrival, subject/object concept
The reason that house is where formality/ informality phenomenon is mixed the most than any other place can be found from the relationship of the objects and the subjects.
The drift of men starts from approaching to certain object to achieve their desire or their goal.
In the space like a house has possibilities that those decisions can easily be made, disappear and revised.
It would be because of the scale of the space, familiarity, cognition degree and foremost because of the environment where basic personal desires expressed easily.
The interval between A and B is very short for the subject who drift.
This mechanism applied to a city scale similarly, however, it is not decided by individuals’ desire.
It seems hard for an individual to make decision besides the choices designed by social system.
When it extended to a city scale, the interval for men approaching the object is longer than the one at the house.
Men continuously drift to reach to the object and the path to reach the object repeated every day.
Men cannot get out from the living space and the path by the inertia of repetition.
A city is made based on the mechanism which a subject reaches to a object.
Modern city and architecture were limited to space.
City did not give a break to make a moment between departure and arrival, allowing no time to escape between the start and the end.
does not see architecture as a plan of things to be built, but as a narrative medium.
Architecture that never be built is the character of the film.
This video presents architectural experience where the. passing of time leads and physical space follows.
Fixed physical spaces where only one speed exists, is created by the relationship between solidified subjects/objects.
Essentiality of this daily cycle lies on the the relationship between the subjects who must move in urban spaces and objects that must arrive.
This project regards this relationship as a hidden characteristic of the modern city and aims to reverse this relationship.
Bamseom, the island which was bombed and is now expanding, leads narrative.
The perspective aiming Bamseom was blocked by the structures along the riverside for 50 years. And now it has changed its direction; capturing city for the first time.
Leaving Bamseom behind, now subjectified, we might discover a city with no arrival, and one which we are living in.